BRUSSELS, 25 NOVEMBER 2021.
The European media sector, through the voice of public and commercial broadcasters, radios and the press, acknowledges the General Approach adopted by the Council of the European Union on the Digital Markets Act (“DMA”). This step forward reflects the political consensus across Member States that swift action is required to rebalance the digital competitive environment in order to preserve a diverse, vivid and innovative media landscape.
We welcome the Council’s commitment to shorten the designation process timeline and also commend recent improvements made in the Council’s General Approach, such as the clarification that voice assistants are covered under the definition of online intermediation services, although we believe that voice assistants, given their impact on the intermediation market, should be enshrined in the list of core platform services in Article 2.
However, given the remaining and substantial loopholes of the General Approach, we believe that there is still margin for important improvements. The trilogue negotiations represent a crucial opportunity to increase the robustness of the obligations (Articles 5&6) and enforcement mechanisms; the amendments set forth by the European Parliament provide a sound basis for discussion.
We draw the co-legislators’ particular attention to reflect upon and fix key loopholes which could undermine effective competition in the supply of media content to European audiences:
- Combination of personal data: reinforcing article 5(a) to address gatekeepers’ data power stemming from network effects.
- Access to data: strengthening articles 6(1)i and 11 to ensure that gatekeepers cannot circumvent the obligation to provide business users with access to non-personal and personal data.
- Self-preferencing: ensuring that the prohibition of self-preferencing also applies to practices other than ranking, as proposed by the European Parliament and covers the preferential treatment of third parties chosen by the gatekeeper.
- Tying and bundling beefing up article 5(f) to cover additional unfair practices through the notion of “use” of a service.
- Fair and non-discriminatory conditions of access: extending article 6(1)k to all core platform services, as proposed by the European Parliament.
- Audience measurement: obliging gatekeepers to provide granular, continuous, and real-time information, therefore enabling a meaningful verification of the ad inventory.
Failing to close these loopholes will impact the long-term sustainability of media services that rely on Gatekeepers to reach digital audiences and, thereby, the ability of European consumers and citizens to access services that support the flow of information and creative diversity in Europe.
Wouter Gekiere, Head of the European Broadcasting Union’s Brussels Office, said: “The recent Google Shopping judgement is further justification that action against self-preferencing by Gatekeepers is a crucial tool to promote and protect fair competition. The media sector however believes that, to be forward-looking, the DMA should also address self-preferencing practices that go beyond ranking”.
A spokesperson of EMMA & ENPA, EPC and NME, said: “Fairness and non-discrimination should become the guiding principles of the DMA regulations. All loopholes that would provide the Gatekeepers with opportunities to disrespect or avoid these principles should be tackled by the co-legislators”.
The trilogue phase will therefore be decisive to decide whether the DMA fulfils its promise to ensure contestability and fairness in digital markets. We rely on lawmakers to provide for a sound and time effective framework, both on the designation of the Gatekeepers and on the obligations imposed on them.
Association of Commercial Television and VoD Services in Europe
Association of European Radios (AER)
Angela Mills Wade
European Publishers Council (EPC)
European Broadcasting Union (EBU)
Wout van Wijk
News Media Europe
Association of television and radio sales houses (EGTA)
For more information, please contact the AER office in Brussels at aer(Replace this parenthesis with the @ sign)aereurope.org.
The Association of European Radios (AER) is the Europe-wide trade body for commercial radio, representing the interests of companies operating over 5,000 commercial radio stations to the EU Institutions. The AER’s mission is to promote the development of commercially-funded radio broadcasting in Europe, by advocating for a fair and sustainable economic regulatory framework for radio, which will, in turn, allow commercial radio to continue to deliver significant public value and, beyond that, support media plurality, improve social cohesion and promote European culture.